Eric Van Ginderachter was born in Brussels in 1960. After graduating in law from the "Université Libre de Bruxelles", he completed a diploma in European Law at the Institute of Advanced European Studies in Brussels.

After starting his career as legal adviser in SWIFT (Society for Worldwide Interbank Financial Telecommunication), he moved to the Court of Justice of the European Communities in Luxembourg where he worked for nearly five years as legal secretary to the President of the Court, Lord Mackenzie Stuart and later as legal secretary to the British Judge, Sir Gordon Slynn.

He joined the Directorate General for Competition of the European Commission in 1990 and started working in the Transport unit. As of 1998, he held a range of management posts as head of antitrust unit in various sectors such as cars, media, and telecommunication. He moved afterwards to the state aid instrument where he was appointed as head of unit in the media and telecom sector In April 2008, he took over the state aid unit in charge of energy and environment, while assuming the function of acting Director of the Directorate B in charge of energy and environment until end of January 2011.
Currently he is Director of the Cartels Directorate, a duty he took up on 1 April 2011.